The Throne Hall of Phra Racha Wang Derm

Rama I Grand Palace

Historical Overview

     Phra Racha Wang Derm or Thon Buri Palace is the only palace built by King Taksin the great in 1768. It was built on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River near the old Wichayen Fort which was later renamed Wichaiprasit Fort to the canal north of Arun Rajawararam temple (Nakornban Canal) and included Wat Chaeng (Arun Rajawararam Temple) and Wat Tai Talad (Wat Molee Lokayaram) within its borders. Later, when King Rama I ascended the throne, the capital was moved to the east bank of the Chao Phraya River, and a new royal palace was constructed. Thon Buri Palace became known as Phra Racha Wang Derm (the original palace). King Rama I reduced the area of the palace by excluding the two temples from the palace grounds.

     Because of its strategic location, the King placed important royal family members in Phra Racha Wang Derm. This practice continued until King Rama V. Important members of the royal family who resided at the palace were as follows:



Reign of King Rama I Prince Khrom Luang Tibetbodin
Prince Khrom Luang Isara Sunthorn
1782-1785
1785-1809
Reign of King Rama II Prince Khrom Luang Pitakmontri
Prince Mongkut
1811-1822
1823-1824
Reign of King Rama III Prince Khrom Luang Isares Rangsan 1824-1851
Reign of King Rama IV Prince Khrom Luang Vongsa Thirajsnid 1851-1870
Reign of King Rama V Prince Khrom Phra Chakrapadibhongse 1871-1900


King Rama I
King Rama II
King Rama III
King Rama IV

King Rama I

King Rama II
(Prince Khrom Luang Isasa Sunthorn)


King Rama III


King Rama IV
(Prince Mongkut)
King Pinklao
King Rama V
Prince Khrom Luang Vongsa Thirajsnid
Prince Khrom Phra Chakrapadibhongse

King Pinklao
(Prince Khrom Luang Isares Rang San)


King Rama V

Prince Khrom Luang
Vongsa Thirajsnid

Prince Khrom Phra
Chakrapadibhongse


     Three Kings were born at Phra Racha Wang Derm during the reign of King Rama I, all of them sons of King Rama II who at the time held the title of Prince Khrom Luang Isara Sunthorn :


King Rama III


King Rama IV


King Pinklao





     When Prince Chakrapadipongse, the last occupant, passed away, King Rama V graciously bestowed the palace to the Royal Thai Navy to be used as the site of the Naval Academy. Specific instructions were given to preserve ancient sites such as the Throne Hall, King Pinklao's residence, King Taksin's Shrine and the Whale Head Shrine. The Naval Academy remained at Phra Racha Wang Derm until 1944 when it was moved to Sattahip and Kledkaew. Then it was moved to its current location at Samutprakarn in 1952. The Academy building, which was originally built in western style, was remodeled into a Thai style and has housed the Royal Thai Navy Headquarters up to the present.

 

Academy Building RTN Head Quarters (Past) RTN  Head Quarters (Present)


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